Re-thinking configurational fit

Few ideas have been more persistently central in both strategy and organisation research than the concept of fit.

While early contingency approaches focused on a dichotomous notion of fit, such as the 'internal fit' between strategy and structure or the "external fit" between structure and environment, configurational approaches to strategy and organisation traditionally adopted a multidimensional or 'configurational' notion of fit, understood as the systemic relationship among multiple sets of elements, either internal or external to a focal organisation.

In this paper, theory-based counterfactual analysis is used to tackle the lack of predictive power often characterising current approaches to configurational fit. Secondly, the researchers rely on recent applications of set-theoretic and relational, network-based, methods to enrich the empirical assessment of configurational fit.

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