This paper explores the relationship between public sector efficiency (PSE)
and the level of democracy, both theoretically and empirically. At the
theoretical level a simple model of elections with two time periods is
presented, which takes into account whether the political regime is democratic
or not. Specifically, it is assumed that elected officials in democracies are
'more' accountable to voters than the respective ones in autocracies.
This mechanism induces the democratic politicians to produce the public good in
a more efficient way, in order to remain in power.
The researchers examine the effect of democracy on PSE for a dataset of 50
developing and developed countries over a 20 year period, from 1980 - 2000. The
results suggest that the relationship between PSE and democracy is positive and
statistically significant, thus confirming the theoretical priors.
Do you agree that democratic governments may be seen as more economically
efficient? Let us know in the comments box below.