Buttressing Supply Chains against Floods in Asia for Humanitarian Relief and Economic Recovery

For the decade ending in 2010, floods accounted for nearly half of all natural disasters. Floods affected a large number of people, especially in Asia. Despite the fact that the number of floods per year has been increasing exponentially since 1900, there is very little in the operations literature on humanitarian supply chains that deals with floods. Compared to earthquakes, floods are more predictable in terms of timing and location. Therefore, there is an opportunity to involve "local entities" for better preparedness and mitigation. Thus, we seek to answer the question: what type of supply chain can facilitate humanitarian relief and hasten economic recovery in case of floods, especially in the Asian context?

We find three gaps in the existing solutions: (1) preparedness against floods that occur frequently especially at the 'last mile' areas, (2) response to medium-sized floods that do not attract the attention of international NGOs or central government but create economic havoc for the people in the affected areas, and (3) recovery of the affected areas. Firstly, there is a gap in preparedness efforts. Greater attention needs to be paid to preparedness at the 'local' level to ensure people continue to have access to essential goods during a flood. Given the recurrence and the predictable nature of general floods, such preparedness should be semi-permanent rather than one-off events. Secondly, there is a gap in response as regards 'medium-sized' floods that are not large enough to attract the attention of the international or even national NGOs but still large enough to disrupt the local economy. For a massive flood with a 2% chance of occurrence in a given year, the central government or even international humanitarian relief organisations are likely to be involved in responding to the resulting humanitarian crisis. For a small flood with a 20% chance of occurrence in a given year, local communities in flood-prone areas have to devise local solutions to assist affected people. However, in the case of a medium-sized flood, international or central government humanitarian relief is unlikely to be available. At the same time, local solutions would be inadequate because normal supply chain operations would be disrupted, and relief efforts would require a coordinated region-wide effort possibly involving NGOs, local government and manufacturers of essential goods. In this case, who should organise the response for medium-sized flood?

Finally, there continues to be a gap in solutions for economic recovery, especially when the economic disruption and losses occur almost annually. Economic solutions have to be tailored to the local economy.

Article attachments Click on the attachments icons to download or open.

Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more. deputado estadual

Sustainable Furniture These few points given above are the examples that mediocre SEO experts says to you. They are all seeking to make some money with no visible results for you. With these people, you end up losing money, time, and your motivation too

thai restaurant in Crosby To be honest. I haven't seen a good post like this in a year now. And seeing this post now, ahh, it really pleasures me. Thanks a lot for this post.

NJ LIMO I would like to thank you for your nicely written content, its useful and your writing style helped me to read it without any difficulty. Thanks

LIMO QUOTES Awesome blog. I enjoyed reading your articles. This is truly a great read for me. I have bookmarked it and I am looking forward to reading new articles

Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you are a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and may come back very soon EZGO Golf Cart Covers

I was very impressed by this post, this site has always been pleasant news Thank you very much for such an interesting post, and I meet them more often then I visited this site carding

My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.

But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.

I have heard excellent things about

Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
Any help would be really appreciated! trick photography and special effects ebook

The betting slip is highly functional with the excellent feature of being able to automatically lock in higher odds should the odds shift in your favour before the bet is processed. One feature we really like is the display of the minimum and maximum accepted wagers for each selection in the slip. vps forex

Hmm… I read blogs on a similar topic, but i never visited your blog. I added it to favorites and i'll be your constant reader. immigration solicitors Dublin